Kohl was used to outline the eyes and was made up of several different ingredients such as: lead, copper, burned almonds, soot, and combined with other ingredients. It was believed that eye makeup could ward off evil spirits and improve eyesight. If it were true, I'd have the best eyesight around, we love eyeliner at The Makeup Theory! Even the poor Egyptians wore eye makeup. The production of cosmetics during Ancient Rome, was usually done by female slaves called 'Cosmatae'. Kohl was originally used as protection against eye ailments and glare from the sun. Kohl, along with malachite (copper carbonate mineral) green in colour, and lipstick made from ochre oil. Ochre oil is derived naturally tinted clay containing mineral oxides. Cleopatra is known to have coloured her lips with carmine dyes.
|Elizabeth Taylor as "Cleopatra"|